Agriculturists,farmers(cultivators) are facing pressures and uncertainties. Simultaneously, the new opportunities for new farming are emerging. These changes will be useful and can have lasting impact on the farming industry. Almost 1 billion individuals live in hunger and extreme poverty. Many are small farmers in the developing countries. Their failure or success determines whether they have enough to eat and send their children to school. Now the structure of the agricultural production in the third world has changed in the last 2 decades. Various agricultural research institutes have promoted the adoption of the industrial methods. These new farming technology methods like using Precision Farming were expected to benefit all the farmers especially the poor ones. Since the yield will increase, the incomes were also expected to increase.
Precision farming is a kind of technique permitted on the management of variability in the performance of the crop. The mix of the guidance systems with driving in hand improves the efficiencies. Precision farming is thought about as a way forward for new farming method. This farming mechanism is one of the top 10 engineering achievements of the 20th century. Before it took 35 to 40 hours to plant and harvest 100 bushels of rice but now the same quantity can only be done for about 2 to 3 hours. Precision farming technologies greatly affects the entire production function of the farm. This new farming technique can produce amounts of records available for the farm management. The electronic sensors are responsible in collecting the data in a short period of time. Of course a lot of disk space is necessary to store all the data. Today, farming is another revolution for precision agriculture.
Precision Agriculture is known as very important in optimizing the yields while reducing the damage on the environment. Precision agriculture seems to offer a natural solution to the farmers in the third world countries. Developing countries use almost 60% to 70% of the world’s fertilizers yet these farmers do not know the exact nutrient status of their soils. The global nitrogen use efficiency runs 40% and the water use needs optimization especially in Asian and African countries. Its modern farming technologies began in 1990s when the GPS or known as the global positioning system first became available. The GPS technology allows the farmers to map their fields in a more detailed one and can apply input in the precise location and quantities using the variable rate technology. After that technology, yield monitors are now linked to the GPS which helps show wide variability within the individual farms and the auto guidance helped the farmers to steer the equipment accurately thus result to minimizing the overlapping applications of the expensive fertilizers, seeds, and pesticides. Recently, sensors have been developed to directly access the nutrient levels in plants and soils. Precision agriculture is basically about site specific farming. Moreover, the Agricultural leader Precision Agriculture provides products from auto farm like auto steer system with clutch control and variable rate planting.
By Rodgers Bersgen.